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PAWS IS HOME TO
3 ASIAN AND 5 AFRICAN ELEPHANTS
How Animals at PAWS Beat
the Summertime Heat
The summer months are upon us, and, like everyone else, the animals at PAWS are keen to keep cool when the thermometer rises. Fortunately, a natural habitat environment filled with trees and foliage provides cool places to wait out the hottest hours of the day. In addition, our caregivers are there to provide some extra help in beating the heat.
Monkeys Zeppo and Chico, at our Galt sanctuary, love to play in water, especially when it’s hot. You can sometimes find the monkeys playing in shallow tubs filled with water, just like excited kids in a bathtub. At other times their caregivers will set up a “shower” consisting of a log with holes cut into it so the water runs out in small streams that the monkeys can play in. The emus – the second-largest living birds by height, after the ostrich – are well-adapted to hot, dry climates. When they prefer some shade, there is a grove of willow trees to rest under at the Amanda Blake Memorial Wildlife Refuge. A large water trough that continually fills with cold, fresh water to drink is always available.
The bears tend to dig shallow depressions in the cool soil beneath the shady trees in their habitats. They can often be found napping there or in their comfortable den boxes. Each bear enclosure contains a pool. Ben is known to be a daily swimmer, while Boo Boo, Winston and Sampson prefer a quick dip in the pool or to refresh themselves under sprinklers that emit a fine mist from above. Mack is known for his love of a hearty splash! Caregivers may also provide icy treats such as small pieces of fruit frozen into ice cubes.
All of the big cats at ARK 2000 have pools available – either in-ground or large tubs. The tigers, in particular, love water. They immerse themselves in their pools or enjoy cool baths provided by a caregiver with a hose. Similar to the bears, all the big cat habitats have overhead sprinklers. Most of the cats find somewhere shady by the time the temperatures start to rise in the mid-morning – except for Rosemary and Morris. The hot weather doesn’t seem to faze these young, playful tigers! Drinking water is replenished throughout the day.
Similar to elephants in the wild, who alter their behavior in hot weather, the elephants at PAWS will seek shade, change the intensity of their activity, and mud themselves or immerse in cool water. They flap their ears to lower their body temperature, and the bristles of hair on their skin help dissipate heat. African elephants Mara, Thika, Lulu, Toka, and Maggie tend to be less active on hot afternoons and may spend time under a shady canopy. Mara and Thika are typically quite active and can be found close to one another foraging under shady oak trees. Asian elephant Prince is known for the love of his two pools, and Nicholas has a lake to cool off in. Caregivers will also give the elephants a quick bath with a hose, and there are overhead misters available to them.
By far, one of the elephants’ favorite activities, especially in the summer, is mudding themselves. These gigantic animals will splash, sit, flop, roll and thoroughly enjoy a good mud bath. On a recent summer day, Gypsy appeared to relish an invigorating bath under a hose. Immediately afterwards she lay down and threw mud all over herself (mud protects elephants’ skin from the sun and insects), got up and had a good body rub up against a tree, and then headed off to the pond to munch on juicy vegetation, dusting herself along the way.
The welfare of the rescued or retired wild animals at PAWS always comes first, and we are thankful to have a team that is committed to their care, 7 days a week and 24 hours a day. No matter the temperature or weather conditions, these dedicated caregivers are there to ensure the animals’ comfort and well-being. And, like the animals, we all look forward to the cooler days ahead!
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Above: African elephant Toka
It had to begin with elephants. . .
PAWS: 35 Years of
Elephant Advocacy and Care
As we look back over the last 35 years, there’s no arguing that elephants have always been a big part of PAWS’ work for captive wildlife. We have cared for 19 elephants throughout the years and advocated on behalf of many, many more. As the late Pat Derby, PAWS’ co-founder together with Ed Stewart, once wrote, “It had to begin with elephants. . .”
In 1986, PAWS established itself as the first elephant sanctuary in the United States with the rescue of a sickly female calf named “71” who was captured in Zimbabwe after her mother and family members were slaughtered in a cull. She was part of a large group of elephant calves imported to the U.S. in the 1980s by a fitness equipment magnate who kept the calves on his sprawling Florida property – and later sold them off to zoos and circuses. 71 was very ill, extremely underweight, and, without Pat and Ed’s intervention, most likely would have died. Sadly, 71 succumbed to pancreatitis in 2009, a condition linked to her early health problems and lack of proper nutrition.
Mara (pictured left with 71, circa 1992) was the next elephant to find sanctuary at PAWS in 1990, saved from being sold to a circus. She was followed by Tammy and Annie, two aging Asian elephants from the Milwaukee Zoo. PAWS had exposed a gruesome training video made by the zoo for which Tammy and Annie were tied down with ropes and chains and cruelly beaten – repeatedly struck by keepers using heavy bullhooks and baseball bats. The ensuing controversy led to their transfer to PAWS in 1995.
Many more elephants found sanctuary at PAWS, each with their own story to tell (far too many to impart in this article!), such as Asian elephant Gypsy who spent nearly 40 years in the circus and African elephant Maggie, who was the only elephant in Alaska – both arrived in 2007. Our first bull elephant, Nicholas (left), also came to PAWS in 2007. PAWS remains the only sanctuary to care for bull elephants.
Advocacy efforts on behalf of elephants run throughout PAWS’ history – and continue today. In 1985 PAWS was the first organization in the country to investigate and obtain undercover video of circus animal abuse. In 1988, Pat Derby served on the Elephant Task Force, a committee formed by a California state senator in response to the horrific beating of African elephant Dunda at the San Diego Wild Animal Park. This resulted in passage of an elephant protection law that prohibited certain abusive practices.
Over the years, PAWS has launched nationwide campaigns aimed at ending the use of elephants in traveling shows and circuses, investigated elephant abuse, and presented testimony at special hearings in Washington, DC. We’ve been fortunate to work alongside longtime friends such as Emmy Award-winning television star Bob Barker and Academy Award-winning actress Kim Basinger.
Above: In 2015, PAWS' President Ed Stewart was a featured speaker at a rally held on the steps of California's State Capitol. Joining PAWS was "CSI" television star Jorja Fox and Gina Kinzley, lead elephant keeper at the Oakland Zoo. The day was all about elephants and two elephant protection bills before the legislature.
Always focused on our aim of ending the abuse of elephants, no matter where they may be confined or made to perform, PAWS set its sights on ending the use of elephant bullhooks. We helped drive the Los Angeles ban on bullhooks, signed into law in 2014, followed by a ban in Oakland, California – the first major U.S. cities to enact restrictions on major circuses. These actions set the stage for the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus to end its elephant acts in 2016 and then shut down forever in 2017.
PAWS co-sponsored the successful statewide prohibition on elephant bullhooks in California and teamed up to prohibit bullhooks in Rhode Island. We’ve actively contributed to other groundbreaking legislation, including prohibitions on the use of elephants in circuses in Illinois and New York State, a ban on wild animals in circuses in New York City, and the recent bans on wild animal acts in New Jersey and Hawaii.
With an eye to the future, PAWS has provided expert affidavits for groundbreaking legal cases by the Nonhuman Rights Project that aim for recognition of legal personhood for captive elephants.
PAWS is dedicated to doing everything we can for captive elephants: We provide hope for a better life by providing lifelong care, spacious environments, and a more natural life at our 2,300-acre ARK 2000 sanctuary, opened in 2002. We also hold out hope for a better future by fighting to end elephant abuse, exploitation, breeding, and, ultimately, their captivity. At the same time, we work to impress upon everyone the urgency of protecting elephants and their habitats in Asia and Africa.
Thank you for joining us on this very worthy journey!
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Update on California's
Circus Cruelty Prevention Act
PAWS continues to actively advocate for SB 313, the Circus Cruelty Prevention Act sponsored by Senator Ben Hueso, to end the use of wild or exotic animals in circuses in California. The bill has passed the California Senate. It is now in the Assembly, where it passed the Committee on Water, Parks, and Wildlife and the Judiciary Committee. (Thank you to everyone who contacted their Assembly members!) Once the legislature is back from summer recess on August 12, the bill will move to the Appropriations Committee. If all goes well, the next step is a vote in the full Assembly.
In circuses, wild animals are forced to perform under threat of painful punishment, confined in cramped cages and crates as they are transported from show to show, and generally deprived of all that is natural to them. It’s time for California to end this abuse!
Be sure to subscribe to the PAWS mailing list to receive special alerts with actions you can take to ensure this important bill passes. We will need all Californians to contact their Assembly members when the bill comes up for a vote. So stay tuned!
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PAWS' co-founder, the late Pat Derby, and African elephant 71, walking through the hills at ARK 2000. Pat and Ed rescued 71 in 1986; she was PAWS' founding elephant. 71 died in 2008 - read about
Pat Derby: A Life Dedicated
to Protecting Captive Wildlife
Pat Derby, co-founder of the Performing Animal Welfare Society, was a champion for captive wild and exotic animals, particularly those used in “entertainment.” Working side by side with her partner, current PAWS’ president and co-founder Ed Stewart, they set a new standard of care for captive wildlife, including establishing the first elephant sanctuary in the U.S. Sadly, Pat lost a long battle with cancer and passed away on February 15, 2013. But her spirit continues to live in PAWS’ rescue, sanctuary, and advocacy work.
Pat’s bravery and vision for a better life for captive wildlife helped lay the groundwork for the profound changes we are seeing today, including the public’s increasing rejection of the use of wild animals in entertainment, whether elephants and tigers in circuses or orcas in marine parks, and the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus coming to an end. Her battle against the use of cruel elephhant bullhooks has resulted in statewide bans in California and Rhode Island, with PAWS playing an integral role in their passage.
Pat remains an inspiration to everyone at PAWS and to the greater animal protection community. Her determination and fighting spirit continue to drive PAWS’ efforts to create a more just and humane world for captive wild animals, each and every day.
Through our public awareness campaigns, more and more actively concerned individuals are becoming aware of the problems inherent in the breeding of wildlife in captivity and the use of animals in entertainment. Learn More »
The Importance of Nature at ARK 2000
A recent study in the esteemed scientific journal Nature reports that a two-hour “dose” of nature per week – spending time in natural environments – significantly boosts the likelihood of a person reporting good health or well-being. This includes just sitting quietly and enjoying the peace of nature around you.
So many of the animals rescued by PAWS have suffered not just alienation from nature but great adversity and horrific abuse.
Ben the bear (above) lived in a decrepit 12x22-foot cage, with only a concrete floor to walk on. There was nothing green. Anywhere. No grass, no logs and fallen leaves to forage in, no trees for shade or climbing. He paced back and forth with little interruption, except for the occasional visitor to the shameful roadside attraction that confined him.
Tiger brothers Bigelow (left), Nimmo and Wilhelm were part of the "Colorado Eight" rescue. These big cats were used to produce more cubs for a now defunct petting zoo that charged the public a fee to take photos with baby tigers who had been ripped away from their mothers. They lived in minimal conditions that were a far cry from the forests these magnificent animals occupy in nature. Several tigers at the facility did not make it out alive.
Of the eight elephants at ARK 2000, five were kidnapped from their families in the wild and sold to circuses, zoos and private owners: Mara, Lulu, Maggie, Toka and Gypsy. Instead of being raised by their tight-knit, protective families, they were thrust into a frightening world that couldn’t be more foreign to them. Our other three elephants — Prince, Nicholas, and Thika — were born in captivity so all they have ever known is confinement.
We have no way to know exactly what our animals are thinking, but we can observe their behaviors and try to decipher what they mean. In our estimation, immersing captive wild animals in nature has had a positive effect. The most important markers are those that indicate the animals are feeling relaxed and secure in their environments: a tiger laying on her back in the sun, a bear who doesn’t pace all day long, and an elephant lying down to nap as her companions watch over her.
If a two-hour dose of nature per week can positively affect human well-being, it only stands to reason that providing captive wild animals with spacious, natural environments in which they have more fulfilling choices and some control over their lives must make a huge difference in their quality of life and well-being. PAWS believes this is the very least we can do for the wild animals in our care. We remain dedicated to providing the best care possible for the animals here now and those who arrive in the future.
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The Importance of True Sanctuary
By Catherine Doyle
PAWS Director of Science, Research and Advocacy
I recently heard about a comment made by a zoo employee, who said that PAWS’ ARK 2000 sanctuary is “just a bigger zoo.” My immediate response was: How superficial! That person really doesn’t understand what a sanctuary is all about. Obviously, space is important, especially when you’re caring for the planet’s largest land mammal. Elephants need room to move and stay healthy. But there are many factors that distinguish PAWS from other captive institutions.
Animals come first
We are here to serve the wild animals in our care; their welfare is our primary concern. PAWS holds the highest standards of care for the animals, provided by a dedicated caregiver staff and veterinary team. The animals are cared for 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and treated with the respect they deserve.
Different role of confinement
At ARK 2000 we use confinement to protect and better serve the animals, rather than control and display them for human amusement. PAWS openly acknowledges that even the greatly improved conditions we provide are still not enough to meet the needs of wild animals. As PAWS President Ed Stewart has said, "The only “state of the art” place for elephants, bears, big cats and other animals is the wild."
Safe haven for life
A true captive wildlife sanctuary does not breed, buy, trade, sell or otherwise exploit animals. The animals who come to ARK 2000 will remain in our care for the rest of their lives. Important social bonds are respected and will remain undisturbed.
Focus on the individual
Our animals do not perform, and the public is never in direct contact with them – no selfies, feeding, or other so-called “educational” encounters. PAWS' focus is on the individual for the sake of that animal only. They are not ambassadors for their species nor are they on display to send a message. If there is any message, it is that the situations these animals were rescued from, and the abuse and deprivations some of them suffered, should not be allowed to exist.
Larger spaces allow for more environmental complexity and more choice for the animals, whether it is engaging in self-directed activities or choosing to be closer to or farther from companions. At ARK 2000 the animals are immersed in complex natural areas that change with the seasons, effecting different behavioral opportunities and sensory experiences.
Quiet of nature
A large, natural habitat sanctuary offers subtle benefits: the quiet of living in nature, more intrusion-free lives, the relaxation that comes from no longer being exposed to the pressures of close confinement and social stress, privacy, and expanded visual, auditory and olfactory experiences.
Emphasis on rehabilitation
PAWS strives to help elephants be elephants, tigers be tigers, and bears be bears. Natural environments filled with grass, shady trees, bushes and lakes allow the animals to actively engage in instinctive behaviors such as foraging, swimming, exploring, climbing, socializing, or simply napping in the sun. Our patient and caring staff is there to support the animals and enable their remarkable transformation to the vibrant and thriving animals they are today.
View of captivity
PAWS seeks to create a deeper understanding of the problematic nature of captivity for wild animals and works to end the systems of abuse and exploitation that have created the need for sanctuaries to begin with. Captivity is not normal and we should not idealize it, even with the best of conditions. Wild animals belong in the wild, protected and respected.
As you can see, PAWS is much, much more than just a “bigger zoo.” It is a place that offers a new lease on life for the elephants, big cats, bears and other wild animals currently in our care – and those yet to come. It is also a place where each animal is respected as an individual with her or his own inherent value, and whose welfare and needs will always come first.
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Thank you July Amazon
"Wish List" Donors
George and Jennifer Craig: one bottle of Renal Essentials, 60#; one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one 12.5 lb. bag of popcorn. Dr. Julia N. Allen DVM: Reference books for the Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center including, "Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine", "Behaviour, Ecology & Conservation of the Asian Elephant"; "A Manual of the Diseases of the Elephant and of His Management and Uses"; "Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine 5th Edition"; "Applied Veterinary Clinical Nutrition." Shannon Sherwood: one book for the Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center reference library, "Tourism and Animal Welfare"; one box of AA batteries, #24; one box of Denamarin, 30#. Diane Kent: one bottle of CosequinDS, 132#; one 32 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one Probiocin. Michelle Rice: one 20 lb. tub of Psyllium. Dr. Karen Buchinger: one bottle of CosequinDS, 132#; six boxes of Denamarin, 30#; six bags of Pill Pockets, 60#. Dawn Garcia: one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#. Frank and Patricia Thornburgh: one 20 lb. tub of Psyllium. Amanda Barry: one 5 lb. tub of Psyllium. Lisa Sharp: one 24" Libman push broom. Traci Cappiello: three 8 oz. bottles of EicosaDerm; one qt. of Red Cell; four Probiocin. Darlene S. Murchison: three boxes of Denamarin, 30#. Cheri Joseph: one 12.5 lb. bag of popcorn. Valerie Marini: Presto PopLite Air Popper; one 12.5 lb. bag of popcorn; one 25 lb. bag of peanuts. Nancy Gordon: reference book for the Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center, "Pathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals"; four cases of bleach. Carole Bognar: one bottle of Renal Essentials, 60#. Ellie Bryant: one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one Probiocin. Keith A. Sintay: one bottle of Renal Essentials, 60#; one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Skin and Coat; one 12.5 lb. bag of popcorn. Donna Ortyl: one gallon of Red Cell; one Probiocin. Debra McIntyre-Dodd: one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one 2-pack of 4.25 oz. Laxatone. Cecelia Littlepage: one Probiocin; one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; two boxes of AA batteries, 24#. Julie Sklare: one gallon of Red Cell; one box of Denamarin, 30#. Patricia Krayeski: one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Skin and Coat; one bottle of Renal Essentials, 60#. Michael Kleeman: one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#; one gallon of Red Cell; one 10 lb. tub of Psyllium. Carol Haft: one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm; one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#; one 3-pack of bleach. Deb Kelly: one quart of Red Cell; one 5 lb. tub of Psyllium; one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#; one Probiocin. Melissa Hirsch: one bottle of Renal Essentials, 60#; one Probiocin; one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#; one bottle of CosequinDS, 132#; one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm. Sara Murray: four boxes of Denamarin, 30#; three gallons of Red Cell; one 10x10 pop-up tent. P. Banchik-Rothchild: one bottle of Azodyl, 90#; one Probiocin. Richard and Ellen Bickelman: one quart of Red Cell; one 10 lb. bag of Missing Link Skin and Coat. Donna R. Fry: one box of Denamarin, 30#. Suzanne R. McAlister: three scoop shovels; two boxes of AA batteries, 24#; one gallon of Red Cell; one 8 oz. bottle of EicosaDerm. Carmen I. Crosby: one 5 lb. bag of Missing Link Skin and Coat. Chuck and Lisa Mills: one bag of Pill Pockets, 60#. Anonymous Donors: one reference book for the Pat Derby Animal Wellness Center, "Canine and Feline Gastroenterology"; five Rain Bird sprinkler heads; one package of AA batteries, 24#; one 5 lb. tub of Psyllium; one 3-pack of bleach; one Probiocin; two 12.5 lb. bags of popcorn; 10 bottles of Emcelle Tocopherol (Vitamin E); 9 qts. of Red Cell; two, 5 lb. bags of Missing Link Skin & Coat; six boxes of Denamarin, 30#; one 12.5 lb. bag of popcorn.
View wish list items that are needed, but not included on our Amazon list here.
(209) 745-2606 Office/Sanctuary
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